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3,163 ingredients

Abies Alba oil:

Essential oil distilled from fir needle tree. Restricted in the EU "based on the published literature mentioning sensitization properties (in Food & Chemical Toxicology, 11, 1053 and others)." (Source:

“The major component of the seed essential oil was limonene, while that of the cone scale was pinene.”(Source, “Components of Essential Oils from Abies Alba”,Wajsa, A and others, Technical University of Lodz, Poland.)

See "Most-used ingredients" for the  negative health effects of limonene and pinene.

Abietic acetate:

“Abeitic acetate might give rise to sensitizing oxidation products.”

(That is, when exposed to the air this substance reacts with oxygen to produce other compounds,  and these  create allergic sensitisation.)

(source: “A Toxicologic and Dermatologic Assessment of Cyclic Acetates when Used as Fragrance Ingredients”, D. Belisto and others, published in Food & Chemical Toxicology, Vol 46, Issue 12, Dec 2008

Acacia decurrens, ext:

Extract from a species of wattle. “The available data were considered insufficient to support the safety of Acacia Decurrens in cosmetic products” (Final Report of the Safety Assessment of Acacia Extracts, in International Journal of Toxcology, 2005; 24) 

This report could not guarantee that this substance is safe in cosmetics.


Causes redness and pain in the eyes.  Causes redness of the skin.  If inhaled, causes cough, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea and sore throat. If swallowed, causes diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting (Source, International Chemical Safety Card).

Acetaldehyde and other aldehydes:

Causes redness and pain in the eyes.  Causes redness and pain to the skin.  If inhaled causes cough.  If swallowed causes  diarrhoea, dizziness, nausea and vomiting (Source: International Chemical Safety Card).


Causes irritation, redness and pain in the eyes.  Causes irritation, redness, itching and pain on skin contact.  May cause skin eruptions. If inhaled causes  irritation to respiratory tract  (windpipe) and mucous membranes (lining of mouth and nose). If swallowed this substance is highly toxic.  It may produce poisoning with collapse of blood circulation, cold hands and feet,  paleness and a feeble, rapid pulse. 

Chronic exposure may affect the ability of the blood to carry oxygen, resulting in a blueish discoloration of lips and tongue (cyanosis). May also result in damage to the blood-forming organs, causing anemia (extreme fatigue and other symptoms due to blood not carrying enough oxygen). (Source:, and other sources of Materials Safety Data Sheets.)


Causes irritation to the eyes.  Causes skin irritation.  May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.  If inhaled may cause  irritation of the respiratory tract (windpipe). Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. (Source: www.

Acetic acid

Causes redness, pain and severe burns in the eyes.  May cause loss of vision.  Causes pain, redness, burns and blisters to the skin.  If inhaled, causes sore throat, cough, burning sensation, headache, dizziness, shortness of breath and laboured breathing. If swallowed causes sore throat, a  burning sensation, abdominal pain, vomiting, shock or collapse.

Avoid all contact! In all cases consult a doctor! Cleanup: use chemical protection suit with self-contained breathing apparatus. (Source: International Chemical Safety Card)

Acetic acid ethenyl ester polymer with ethane (also known as Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) :

Evidence of a carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effect. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wear protective clothing and eye/face protection. (source: and safety)



Mildly irritating to the skin. Has been investigated but no serious effects found. (Source: International Chemical Safety Card)


Causes redness and pain in the eyes.  Causes dry skin.  If swallowed causes nausea. If inhaled causes headache, dizziness and drowsiness. (Source: International Chemical Safety Card)

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